by Agricultural Research Division, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources in [Lincoln] .
Written in English
|Statement||by Kenneth W. Forsythe, Jr. and Bruce B. Johnson.|
|Series||Report / Department of Agricultural Economics ;, no. 152, Report (University of Nebraska--Lincoln. Dept. of Agricultural Economics) ;, no. 152.|
|Contributions||Johnson, Bruce B., University of Nebraska--Lincoln. Dept. of Agricultural Economics., University of Nebraska--Lincoln. Agricultural Research Division.|
|LC Classifications||MLCM 91/12777 (H)|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||23 leaves :|
|Number of Pages||23|
|LC Control Number||88620900|
In this study, non-farm investment is represented with five categories as the form of the wealth portfolio of farm households with and without off-farm income is likely to be different (Mishra and. ¦ Amount of land required to produce a reasonable living: this could depend upon whether the farm will be the sole income of the family, or whether you will have off-farm income (e.g. investments, other employment). Farmland FARM SITE CHARACTERISTICS. If you are contemplating purchasing a property for use as a farm, or evaluating an existing. During the five-year period to , farm families reported income levels slightly lower than urban non-farm, but higher than rural non-farm families. 1 DES Gasper, Subjective and Objective well-being in re lation to economic inputs: Puzzles and responses, In this study, total household income is reconfigured into three components: ‘government payments,’ ‘off-farm wages and/or salaries,’ and ‘income from farming and all other sources,’ including farm and all other remaining components of off-farm income such as interest and dividends, social security, hisn-alarum.com by:
The results suggest that both on-farm diversification and off-farm labor allocation are related to farm and household characteristics. Larger farms tend to be more diversified. Younger farmers are more likely to work off-farm. Larger farm households tend to allocate more labor to off-farm income activities. Migration, Local Off-farm Employment and Agricultural Production Efficiency: Evidence from China Yang Jin, Hui Wang, Songqing Jin, Kevin Chen, Jeffrey Riedinger* Abstract: This paper studies the effect of local off-farm employment and migration on rural household’s technical efficiency of crop production using a five-year panel data setCited by: Increased farm, herd or business size is of significance only in dualistic and urban based systems. Millions of farmers are also expected to escape poverty by increasing off-farm income, which is second only to diversification as a key strategy for poverty reduction, in seven of the eight system categories. For some farming families, farm income has reduced due to declining profit margins, and can be highly variable, requiring some farmers and family members to obtain off-farm employment to supplement and stabilise the family income. 2 Stress, overwork and reduced time for family and community activities can affect the wellbeing of farmers and their families. 4 The s saw a renewed focus by .
Feb 14, · The U.S. agricultural workforce has long consisted of a mixture of self-employed farm operators and their family members, and hired workers. Both types of employment were in long term decline from to , as rising agricultural productivity due to mechanization reduced the need for labor, but employment levels have stabilized since sas, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dako- ta, South Dakota, and Wisconsin. Most displaced farmers are under 45 years of age and have larger than aver- age farm households. They and their spouses are better educated, have more off-farm work experience, and are more likely to have a family member working off the farm than the average farm fami- ly. Farm Women Blend Farm and Off-Farm Work Some farm women operate farms alone, more operate farms jointly with their husbands, and still others leave farm management deci- sions to their husbands. All three groups offarm women make substantial contributions to farm household income, most often by working both on and off the farm. were available), the average farm household income (including off-farm income sources) of $, was about 51% higher than the average U.S. household income of $79, The outlook for a slight rise in net farm income and farm wealth suggests that the farm economy has at least temporarily stabilized but with substantial regional variation.